Инкотерм 2000

Инкотерм 2000

Incoterms 2000
FCA- free carrier named place
FAS- free alongside ship named port of shipment
FOB- free on board named port of shipment
CFR- cost and freight named port of destination
CIF -cost, insurance and freight named port of destination
CPT- carriage paid to named place of destination
CIP- carriage and insurance paid to named place of destination
DAF- delivered at frontier named place
DES- delivered ex ship named port of destination
DEQ- delivered ex quay named port of destinationn
DDU -delivered duty unpaid named place of destination
DDP- delivered duty paid named place of destination

Rough outline of the Incoterms

EXW: The seller places the goods at the disposal of the buyer for taking delivery, informing him accordingly. From that point onward the buyer bears the risk and costs. Loading the goods on the first mode of transport already is the buyer’s responsibility. Additionally, the buyer must at this point also take care of the export customs clearance (if such clearance is necessary.)

FCA: The seller hands over the goods at his risk and costs to the first carrier. In principle this includes the loading on to the mode of transport. In addition to this, the seller must carry out all the export formalities.

FAS: The seller delivers the goods at his risk and costs alongside the vessel on the quay. Loading the ship already is the buyer’s responsibility. The seller must clear the goods for export.

FOB: Similar to FAS, the difference being that the risk and costs pass on to the buyer when the goods have passed the ship’s rail.
CFR: The seller bears the risk until the goods have passed the ship’s rail at the port of shipment. Moreover, the seller pays all the costs of the carriage by ship. Also with regard to this clause, the seller must pay the costs of customs formalities payable upon exportation.

CIF: Like CFR, except that the seller must procure transport insurance for the goods. The insurance must provide minimum coverage in accordance with the Institute Cargo Clauses (Institute of London Underwriters). The insurance must cover that transport period in which the risks but not the costs pass on to the buyer.

CPT: The seller must clear the goods for export and assume the costs of the main transport up to the named place. The risk, on the other hand, is transferred to the buyer already when the goods have been handed over to the first carrier.

CIP: Like CPT, except that the seller has to produce transport insurance for the goods in favour of the buyer.

DAF: The seller must make the goods available to the buyer at the frontier, not unloaded, cleared for export. Up to that point the seller bears the risk and the cost.

DES: The seller must clear the goods for export and bears the risk and costs of the carriage by ship up to the unloading at the port of destination, but he does not bear the risk and the costs of unloading.

DEQ: Like DES, the difference being that here the buyer must also bear the risk and costs of unloading at the port of destination.

DDU: The seller bears the risk and the costs of transport up to the place of destination in the country of importation. He complies with his delivery obligation when he places the goods at the buyer’s disposal at the place of destination, not unloaded. The seller does not have to take care of the export customs clearance, but he does have to clear the goods for import in the country of importation.